Defenses of speciesism

29 Jun 2017

This text examines and questions the view s of those theorists have argued in defense of speciesism. Read more

Virtue ethics and care ethics

25 Mar 2014

The virtue ethics approach defends the notion that ethics is about the kind of person we are, more than about what we do. Care ethicists claim that the basis for our ethical concerns should be our emotional responses to them. Read more


25 Mar 2014
Close up of insect perched on tip of thin grass-like plant

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that defends that we should act in ways that bring about as much happiness as possible in the world. Read more

Rights theories: Different positions

25 Mar 2014
Group of turtles climb out the edge of a pond while some sit on a log

Moral rights are conceived of as rights that individuals are born with and have regardless of whether or not they have legal rights to protect them. Read more


25 Mar 2014

Egalitarianism is an ethical theory that defends that a situation is best if the happiness present in that situation is distributed as equally as possible. […] Read more


25 Mar 2014

Contractarian principles are based on what we would accept in a scenario in which there aren’t yet any accepted moral or political principles. Read more

Negative consequentialism

25 Mar 2014
Close-up of fish being dragged with a hook in its mouth underwater

According to negative consequentialism, the need to reduce suffering as much as possible must always take priority over anything else. Read more

Rights theories: the general approach

25 Mar 2014
Close-up of calf lying down in the grass

In ethics, “rights” is shorthand for “moral rights,” but in Law, it’s shorthand for something else. In the legal system, individuals enjoy legal rights. Legal rights also protect the interests of individuals, but legal rights and moral rights are different things. Read more

Different ethical theories

19 Mar 2014

There are many different ethical theories. One feature the most widely accepted ones have in common is that they support the moral consideration of animals. Read more

Ethical theories and nonhuman animals

19 Mar 2014
Cows fenced in a small space, close together

Ethics is a critical reflection on how we should act and why. Animal ethics is the field of ethics that deals with how and why […] Read more