The situation of animals in the wild bibliography

The situation of animals in the wild bibliography

Malnutrition, hunger and thirst in wild animals

Anholt, B. R. & Werner, E. E. (1998) “Predictable changes in predation mortality as a consequence of changes in food availability and predation risk”, Evolutionary Ecology, 12, pp. 729-738 [accessed on 5 February 2013].

Anholt, B. R. & Werner, E. E. (1995) “Interaction between food availability and predation mortality mediated by adaptive behavior”, Ecology, 76, pp. 2230-2234.

Anholt, B. R.; Werner, E. & Skelly, D. K. (2000) “Effect of food and predators on the activity of four larval ranid frogs”, Ecology, 81, pp. 3509-3521.

Bright, J. L. & Hervert, J. J. (2005) “Adult and fawn mortality of Sonoran pronghorn”, Wildlife Society Bulletin, 33, pp. 43-50.

Creel, S. & Christianson, D. (2009) “Wolf presence and increased willow consumption by Yellowstone elk: Implications for trophic cascades”, Ecology, 90, pp. 2454-2466.

De Roos, A. M.; Galic, N. & Heesterbeek, H. (2009) “How resource competition shapes individual life history for nonplastic growth: ungulates in seasonal food environments”, Ecology, 90, pp. 945-960.

Gregory, N. G. (2004) Physiology and behaviour of animal suffering, Ames: Blackwell, pp. 83-84.

Hansen, B. B.; Aanes, R.; Herfindal, I.; Kohler, J. & Sæther, B.-E. (2011) “Climate, icing, and wild arctic reindeer: Past relationships and future prospects”, Ecology, 92, pp. 1917-1923.

Hik, D. S. (1995) “Does risk of predation influence population dynamics? Evidence from cyclic decline of snowshoe hares”, Wildlife Research, 22, pp. 115-129 [accessed on 15 February 2020].

Holmes, J. C. (1995) “Population regulation: A dynamic complex of interactions”, Wildlife Research, 22, pp. 11-19.

Huitu, O.; Koivula, M.; Korpimäki, E.; Klemola, T. & Norrdahl, K. (2003) “Winter food supply limits growth of northern vale populations in the absence of predation”, Ecology, 84, pp. 2108-2118.

Jędrzejewski, W.; Schmidt, K.; Theuerkauf, J.; Jędrzejewska, B.; Selva, N.; Zub, K. & Szymura, L. (2002) “Kill rates and predation by wolves on ungulate populations in Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland)”, Ecology, 83, pp. 1341-1356.

Kirkwood, J. K. (1996) “Nutrition of captive and free-living wild animals”, in Kelly, N. C. & Wills, J. M. (eds.) Manual of companion animal nutrition & feeding, Ames: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, pp. 235-243.

Lochmiller, R. L. (1996) “Immunocompetence and animal population regulation”, Oikos, 76, pp. 594-602.

McCue, M. D. (2010) “Starvation physiology: Reviewing the different strategies animals use to survive a common challenge”, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology – A Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 156, pp. 1-18.

McNamara, J. M. & Houston, A. I. (1987) “Starvation and predation as factors limiting population size”, Ecology, 68, pp. 1515-1519-

Messier, F. & Crête, M. (1985) “Moose-wolf dynamics and the natural regulation of moose populations”, Oecologia, 65, pp. 503-512.

Mykytowycz, R. (1961) “Social behaviour of an experimental colony of wild rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.) IV. Conclusion: Outbreak of myxomatosis, third breeding season, and starvation”, CSIRO Wildlife Research, 6, pp. 142-155.

Nair, R. M. (2004) “Hunger and thirst haunt wildlife”, The Hindu, March 26 [accessed on 9 March 2013].

Nepal Mountain News (2011) “Quenching wildlife thirst by pumping ground water”, Nepal Mountain News, 9 December [accessed on 12 February 2013].

Okoro, O. R.; Ogugua, V. E. & Joshua, P. E. (2011) “Effect or duration of starvation on lipid profile in albino rats”, Nature and Science, 9 (7), pp. 1-13 [accessed on 13 January 2013].

Punch, P. I. (2001) “A retrospective study of the success of medical and surgical treatment of wild Australian raptors”, Australian Veterinary Journal, 79, pp. 747-752.

Robbins, C. T. (1983) Wildlife feeding and nutrition, Orlando: Academic Press.

Sweitzer, R. A. (1996) “Predation or starvation: Consequences of foraging decisions by porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum)”, Journal of Mammalogy, 77, pp. 1068-1077.

Shears, R. (2009) “Panic as 6,000 thirsty wild camels invade Australian outback town, smashing roads and houses”, Mail Online, 25 November [accessed on 11 March 2013].

Sinclair, A. R. E. & Arcese, P. (1995) “Population consequences of predation-sensitive foraging: The Serengeti wildebeest”, Ecology, 76, pp. 882-891.

TNN (2010) “Starvation, thirst kill many antelope in Jodhpur”, The Times of India, Jul 4 [accessed on 24 February 2013].

Tomasik, B. (2016) “How painful is death from starvation or dehydration?”, Essays on Reducing Suffering, 23 Feb [accessed on 10 April 2016].

United States Department of Agriculture: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service & Indiana Department of Natural Resources: Division of Fish and Widlife (2009) “Starvation and malnutrition in wildlife”, Indiana Wildlife Disease News, 4 (1), pp. 1-3 [accessed on 22 October 2014].

Wildpro (2011a) “Pond construction – Concrete (managing wetlands for wildlife – implementing management plan)”, [accessed on 25 February 2013].

Wildpro (2011b) “Pond construction (synthetic liner) (managing wetlands for wildlife – implementing management plan)”, [accessed on 26 February 2013].

Wildpro (2011c) “Reedbed construction for water cleaning (managing wetlands for wildlife – implementing management plan)”, [accessed on 24 February 2013].

Wobeser, G. A. (2005) Essentials of disease in wild animals, New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Work, A. (2011) “Birds need a lift: Thirst rises for wildlife in drought: Water supply wilts in heat wave”, Times Records News, 30 August [accessed on 13 February 2013].

Diseases in nature

Barlow, N. D. (1995) “Critical evaluation of wildlife disease models”, in Grenfell, B. T. & Dobson, A. P. (eds.) Ecology of infectious diseases in natural populations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 230-259.

Beldomenico, P. M.; Telfer, S.; Gebert, S.; Lukomski, L.; Bennett, M. & Begon, M. (2008) “Poor condition and infection: A vicious circle in natural populations”, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 275, pp. 1753-1759.

Bengis, R. G.; Kock, R. A. & Fischer, J. (2002) “Infectious animal diseases: The wildlife/livestock interface”, Revue Scientifique et Technique, 21, pp. 53-65 [accessed on 28 November 2016].

Bosch, J.; Sanchez-Tomé, E.; Fernández-Loras, A.; Oliver, J. A.; Fisher, M. C. & Garner, T. W. (2015) “Successful elimination of a lethal wildlife infectious disease in nature”, Biology Letters, 11 (11) [accessed on 27 November 2016].

Branscum, A. J.; Gardner, I. A. & Johnson, W. O. (2004) “Bayesian modeling of animal- and herd-level prevalences”, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 66, pp. 101-112.

Camacho, M.; Hernández, J. M.; Lima-Barbero, J. F. & Höfle, U. (2016) “Use of wildlife rehabilitation centres in pathogen surveillance: A case study in white storks (Ciconia ciconia)”, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 130, pp. 106-111.

Cole, R. A. & Friend, M. (1999) Field manual of wildlife diseases: Parasites and parisitic diseases, Lincoln: University of Nebraska [accessed on 16 April 2014].

Curtis, C. F.; Brookes, G. D.; Grover, K. K.; Krishnamurthy, B. S.; Laven, H.; Rajagopalan, P. K.; Sharma, L. S.; Sharma, V. P.; Singh, D.; Singh, K. R. P.; Yasuno, M.; Ansari, M. A.; Adak, T.; Agarwal, H. V.; Batra, C. P.; Chandrahas, R. K.; Malhotra, P. R.; Menon, P. K. B.; Das, S.; Razdan, R. K.; & Vaidanyanathan, V. (1982) “A field trial on genetic control of Culex p. fatigans by release of the integrated strain IS-31B”, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 31, pp. 181-190.

Dame, D. A.; Woodward, D. B.; Ford, H. R. & Weidhaas, D. E. (1964) “Field behavior of sexually sterile Anopheles quadrimaculatus males”, Mosquito News, 24, pp. 6-16.

Dantas-Torres, F.; Chomel, B. B. & Otranto, D. (2012) “Ticks and tick-borne diseases: A One Health perspective”, Trends in Parasitology, 28, pp. 437-446.

Daszak, P.; Cunningham, A. A. & Hyatt, A. D. (2000) “Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife – threats to biodiversity and human health”, Science, 287, pp. 443-449.

Delahay, R. J.; Smith, G. C. & Hutchings, M. R. (2009) Management of disease in wild mammals, Dordrecht: Springer.

Dobson, A. & Foufopoulos, J. (2001) “Emerging infectious pathogens of wildlife”, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 356, pp. 1001-1012.

Gortázar, C.; Delahay, R. J.; Mcdonald, R. A.; Boadella, M.; Wilson, G. J.; Gavier-Widen, D. & Acevedo, P. (2012) “The status of tuberculosis in European wild mammals”, Mammal Review, 42, pp. 193-206.

Gortázar, C.; Díez-Delgado, I.; Barasona, J. A.; Vicente, J.; de la Fuente, J. & Boadella, M. (2015) “The wild side of disease control at the wildlife-livestock-human interface: A review”, Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 1 [accessed on 30 June 2019].

Gortázar, C.; Ferroglio, E.; Höfle, U.; Frölich, K.; Vicente, J. (2007) “Diseases shared between wildlife and livestock: A European perspective”, European Journal of Wildlife Research, 53, pp. 241-256.

Han, B. A.; Park, A. W.; Jolles, A. E. & Altizer, S. (2015) “Infectious disease transmission and behavioural allometry in wild mammals”, Journal of Animal Ecology, 84, pp. 637-646.

Harris, R. N. (1989) “Nonlethal injury to organisms as a mechanism of population regulation”, The American Naturalist, 134, pp. 835-847.

Hawley, D. M. & Altizer, S. M. (2011) “Disease ecology meets ecological immunology: Understanding the links between organismal immunity and infection dynamics in natural populations”, Functional Ecology, 25, pp. 48-60 [accessed on 5 November 2016].

Holmes, J. C. (1995) “Population regulation: A dynamic complex of interactions”, Wildlife Research, 22, pp. 11-19.

Hudson, P. J.; Rizzoli, A.; Grenfell, B.; Heersterbeek, H. & Dobson, A. (eds.) (2002) The ecology of wildlife diseases, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-5.

Knipling, E. F. (1979) The basic principles of insect population and suppression and management. USDA handbook, Washington, D. C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Martin, C.; Pastoret, P. P.; Brochier, B.; Humblet, M. F. & Saegerman, C. (2011) “A survey of the transmission of infectious diseases/infections between wild and domestic ungulates in Europe”, Veterinary Research, 42, p. 70.

McClintock, B. T.; Nichols, J. D.; Bailey, L. L.; MacKenzie, D. I.; Kendall, W. & Franklin, A. B. (2010) “Seeking a second opinion: Uncertainty in disease ecology”, Ecology Letters, 13, pp. 659-674.

Newton, I. (1998) Population limitations in birds, San Diego: Academic Press.

Ng, Y.-K. (1995) “Towards welfare biology: Evolutionary economics of animal consciousness and suffering”, Biology and Philosophy, 10, pp. 255-285.

Nusser, S. M.; Clark, W. R.; Otis, D. L. & Huang, L. (2008) “Sampling considerations for disease surveillance in wildlife populations”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 72, pp. 52-60.

O’Dea, M. A.; Jackson, B.; Jackson, C.; Xavier, P. & Warren, K. (2016) “Discovery and partial genomic characterisation of a novel nidovirus associated with respiratory disease in wild shingleback lizards (Tiliqua rugosa)”, PLOS ONE, 11 (11) [accessed on 28 November 2016].

Simpson, V. R. (2002) “Wild animals as reservoirs of infectious diseases in the UK”, The Veterinary Journal, 163, pp. 128-146.

Tompkins, D. M.; Dunn, A. M.; Smith, M. J. & Telfer, S. (2011) “Wildlife diseases: From individuals to ecosystems”, Journal of Animal Ecology, 80, pp. 19-38.

Williams, E. S. & Barker, I. K. (eds.) (2008) Infectious diseases of wild mammals, New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Wobeser, G. A. (2005) Essentials of disease in wild animals, New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Wobeser, G. A. (2012) Diseases of wild waterfowl, Dordrecht: Springer.

Wobeser, G. A. (2013) Investigation and management of disease in wild animals, Dordrecht: Springer.

Physical injuries in wild animals

Bailey, R.; Seymour, N. & Stewart, G. (1978) “Rape behavior in blue-winged teal”, Short Communications, 95, pp. 188-190.

Beer, J. V. & Ogilvie, M.A. (1972) “Mortality”, in Scott, P. & The Wildfowl Trust (eds.) The swans, London: Michael Joseph, pp. 125-142.

Bexton, S. & Robinson, I. (2003) “Hedgehogs”, in Mullineaux, E.; Best, R. & Cooper, J. E. (eds.) BSAVA manual of wildlife casualties, Quedgeley: British Small Animal Veterinary Association Year, pp. 49-65.

Blair, J.; Wassersug, R. J. & Ross, S. T. (2000) “Variation in the pattern of predatord induced damage to tadpole tails”, Copeia, pp. 390-401.

Bush, M. (1986) “Laparoscopy and surgery”, in Fowler, M. E. (ed.) Zoo & wild animal medicine, 2nd ed., Philadelphia: WB Saunders & Co., pp. 253-261.

Clutton-Brock, T. H. & Parker, G. A. (1995) “Sexual coercion in animal societies”, Animal Behaviour, 49, pp. 1345-1365.

Coderre, T. J.; Grimes, R. W. & Melzack, R. (1986) “Deafferentation and chronic pain in animais: An evaluation of evidence suggesting autotomy is related to pain”, Pain, 26, pp. 61-84.

Connor, R. & Vollmer, N. (2009) “Sexual coercion in dolphin consortships: A comparison with chimpanzees”, in Muller, M. N. & Wrangham, R. W. (eds.) Sexual coercion in primates and humans: An evolutionary perspective on male aggression against females, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, p. 218.

Cooper J. E. (1996) “Physical Injury”, in Fairbrother A.; Locke L. N. & Hoff G. L. (eds) Noninfectious disease of wildlife, 2nd ed., Ames: Iowa State University Press, pp. 157-172.

Curio, E. (1976) The ethology of predation, Berlin: Springer.

Delahay, R. J.; Smith, G. C. & Hutchings, M. R. (2008) Management of disease in wild mammals, New York: Springer.

Du Toit, J. G. (2001) Veterinary care of african elephants, Pretoria: Novartis and south African Veterinary Foundation.

Emlen, S. T. & Wrege, P. H. (1986) “Forced copulations and intra-specific parasitism: Two costs of social living in the white-fronted bee-eater”, Ethology, 71, pp. 2-29.

Evans, G. H. (1910) Elephants and their diseases: A treatise on elephants, Rangoon: Government Press.

Figiel, C. R., Jr. & Semlitsch, R. D. (1991) “Effects on nonlethal injury and habitat complexity on predation in tadpole populations”, Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69, pp. 830-834.

Harris, Reid N. (1989) “Nonlethal injury to organisms as a mechanism of population regulation”, The American Naturalist, 134, pp. 835-847 [accessed on 13 March 2013].

Heithaus, M.; Frid, A. & Dill, L. (2002) “Shark-inflicted injury frequencies, escape ability, and habitat use of green and loggerhead turtles”, Marine Biology, 140, pp. 229-236.

Jonhson, Pieter T. J.; Preu, E. R.; Sutherland, D. R.; Romansic, J. M.; Han, B. & Blaustein, A. R. (2006) “Adding infection to injury: synergistic effects of predation and parasitism on amphibian malformations”, Ecology, 87, pp. 2227-2235.

Lascalles, B. D. X. (1996) “Advances in control of pain in animals”, The Veterinary Annual, 36, pp. 1-15.

Macdonald, J. W.; Goater, R.; Atkinson, N.K. & Small, J. (1990) “Further causes of death in Scottish swans (Cygnus spp.)”, State Veterinary Journal, 44, pp. 81-93.

Martín, J.; de Neve, L.; Polo, V. & Fargallo, J. A. (2006) “Health-dependent vulnerability to predation affects escape responses of unguarded chinstrap penguin chicks”, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 60, pp. 778-784.

McKinney, F. & Evarts, S. (1998) “Sexual coercion in waterfowl and other birds”, Ornithological Monographs, 49, pp. 163-195.

Miller, M. W.; Swanson, H. M.; Wolfe, L. L.; Quartarone F. G.; Huwer, S. L.; Southwick, C. H. & Lukacs, P. M. (2008) “Lions and prions and deer demise”, PLOS ONE, 3 (12) [accessed on 13 February 2013].

Olsson, M. (1995) “Forced copulation and costly female resistance behavior in the Lake Eyre Dragon, Ctenophorus maculosus”, Herpetologica, 51, pp. 19-24.

Penteriani, V.; Delgado, M. M.; Bartolommei, P.; Maggio C.; Alonso-Álvarez, C. & Holloway, J. (2008) “Owls and rabbits: Predation against substandard individuals of an easy prey”, Journal of Avian Biology, 39, pp. 215-221.

Person, A. M. (1975) The northern interior grizzly bear Ursus arctos L., Ottawa: Information Canada, pp. 39-42.

Porter, V. & Brown, N. (1990 [1985]) The complete book of ferrets, New ed. London: Pelham, pp. 67-79.

Reimchen, T. E. (1988) “Inefficient predators and prey injuries in a population of giant stickleback”, Canadian Journal of Zoology, 66, pp. 2036-2044.

Reimchen, T. E. (1992) “Injuries on stickleback from attacks by a toothed predator (Oncorhynchus) and implications for the evolution of lateral plates”, Evolution, 46, pp. 1224-1230.

Schmidt, M. (1986) “Elephants (Proboscidae)”, op. cit.

Schoener, T. W. (1979) “Inferring the properties of predation and other injury-producing agents from injury frequencies”, Ecology, 60, pp. 1110-1115.

Smuts, B. B. & Smuts, R. W. (1993) “Male aggression and sexual coercion of females in nonhuman primates and other mammals: Evidence and theoretical implications”, Advances in the Study of Behavior, 22, pp. 1-63.

Wildpro (2011a) “Ruminant pain management”, [accessed on 28 January 2013].

Wildpro (2011b) “Managing foot-and-mouth disease”, [accessed on 28 January 2013].

Wildpro (2011c) “Elephant disease management”, [accessed on 30 January 2013].

Weather conditions and nonhuman animals

Begzsuren, S.; Ellis, J. E.; Ojima, D. S.; Coughenour, M. B. & Chuluun, T. (2004) “Livestock responses to droughts and severe winter weather in the Gobi Three Beauty National Park, Mongolia”, Journal of Arid Environments, 59, pp. 785-796.

Bradley, M.; Johnstone, R.; Court, G., & Duncan, T. (1997) “Influence of weather on breeding success of peregrine falcons in the Arctic”, The Auk, 114, pp. 786-791.

Bradshaw, S. D. & Death, G. (1991) “Variation in condition indexes due to climatic and seasonal factors in an Australian desert lizard, Amphibolurus-Nuchalis”, Australian Journal of Zoology, 39, pp. 373-385.

Brown, C. R. & Brown, M. B. (1998) “Intense natural selection on body size and wing and tail asymmetry in cliff swallows during severe weather”, Evolution, 52, pp. 1461-1475 [accessed on 12 February 2013].

DelGiudice, G. D.; Riggs, M. R.; Joly, P. & Pan, W. (2002) “Winter severity, survival, and cause-specific mortality of female white-tailed deer in North-Central Minnesota”, Journal of Wildlife Management, 66, pp. 698-717.

Forbes, B. C.; Kumpula, T.; Meschtyb, N.; Laptander, R.; Macias-Fauria, M.; Zetterberg, P.; Verdonen, M.; Skarin, A.; Kim, K.-Y.; Boisvert, L. N.; Stroeve, J. C. & Bartsch, A. (2016) “Sea ice, rain-on-snow and tundra reindeer nomadism in Arctic Russia”, Biology Letters, 12 (11) [accessed on 30 November 2016].

Hansen, T. F.; Stenseth, N. C. & Henttonen, H. (1999) “Multiannual vole cycles and population regulation during long winters: An analysis of seasonal density dependence”, American Naturalist, 154, pp. 129-139.

Hansson, L. (1990) “Ultimate factors in the winter weight depression of small mammals”, Mammalia, 54, pp. 397-404.

Hardewig, I.; Pörtner, H. O. & Dijk, P. (2004) “How does the cold stenothermal gadoid Lota lota survive high water temperatures during summer?”, Journal of Comparative Physiology, 174, pp. 149-156.

Henning, J.; Schnitzler, F. R.; Pfeiffer, D. U. & Davies, P. (2005) “Influence of weather conditions on fly abundance and its implications for transmission of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus in the North Island of New Zealand”, Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 19, pp. 251-262.

Huitu, O.; Koivula, M.; Korpimäki, E.; Klemola, T. & Norrdahl, K. (2003) “Winter food supply limits growth of northern vole populations in the absence of predation”, Ecology, 84, pp. 2108-2118.

Kay, R. N. B. (1997) “Responses of African livestock and wild herbivores to drought”, Journal of Arid Environments, 37, pp. 683-694.

McDermott Long, O.; Warren, R.; Price, J.; Brereton, T. M.; Botham, M. S. & Franco, A. M. A. (2017) “Sensitivity of UK butterflies to local climatic extremes: Which life stages are most at risk?”, Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, pp. 108-116 [accessed on 17 December 2019].

Milner, J. M.; Elston, D. A. & Albon, S. D. (1999) “Estimating the contributions of population density and climatic fluctuations to interannual variation in survival of Soay sheep”, Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, pp. 1235-1247 [accessed on 12 December 2013].

Moeller, R. B. (2011) “Heat stress in cattle”, [accessed on 12 May 2013].

Salman, M. D. (2003) “Chronic wasting disease in deer and elk: Scientific facts and findings”, Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 65, pp. 761-768 [accessed on 17 January 2018].

Salzman, A. G. (1982) “The selective importance of heat stress in gull nest location”, Ecology, 63, pp. 742-751.

Sasvari, L.; Hegyi, Z. (1993) “The effects of parental age and weather on breeding performance of colonial and solitary tree sparrow”, Acta Oecologica, 14, pp. 477-487.

Schoenian, S. (2010) “Heat stress in sheep and goats”, The Maryland Small Ruminant Page [accessed on 9 March 2013].

Sládek, J. V. (1881) “Birds suffering from cold”, Nature, 24, p. 165 .

White, T. C. R. (2008) “The role of food, weather and climate in limiting the abundance of animals”, Biological Reviews, 83, pp. 227-248.

Animals in natural disasters

Alho, C. J. R. & Silva, João S. V. (2012) “Effects of severe floods and droughts on wildlife of the Pantanal Wetland (Brazil)—A review”, Animals, 2, pp. 591-610.

American Kennel Club (2006) “AKC survey finds majority of owners would defy emergency evacuation orders and stay with pets”, [accessed on 17 March 2013].

Anderson, A. & Anderson, L. (2006) Rescued: Saving animals from disaster, Novato: New World Library.

Decker, S. M.; Lord, L. K.; Walker, W. L. & Wittum, T. E. (2010) “Emergency and disaster planning at Ohio animal shelters”, Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 13, pp. 66-76.

Gould, L.; Sussman, R. W. & Sauther, M. L. (1999) “Natural disasters and primate populations: The effects of a 2-year drought on a naturally occurring population of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) in Southwestern Madagascar”, International Journal of Primatology, 20, pp. 69-84.

Heath, S. E.; Beck, A. M.; Kass, P. H. & Glickman, L. T. (2001) “Risk factors for pet evacuation failure after a slow-onset disaster”, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 218, pp. 1905-1910.

Hunt, M. G.; Bogue, K. & Rohrbaugh, N. (2012) “Pet ownership and evacuation prior to Hurricane Irene”, Animals, 2, pp. 529-539.

Irvine, L. (2004) “Providing for pets during disasters: An exploratory study”, Quick Response Research Report, 171 [accessed on 21 September 2015].

Irvine, L. (2006a) “Animals in disasters: Issues for animal liberation activism and policy”, Journal for Critical Animal Studies, 4, pp. 2-16 [accessed on 14 November 2014].

Irvine, L. (2006b) “Providing for pets during disasters, part II: Animal response volunteers in Gonzales, Louisiana”, Quick Response Research Report, 187 [accessed on 20 September 2015].

Irvine, L. (2007) “Ready or not: Evacuating an animal shelter during a mock emergency”, Anthrozoös: A Multidisciplinary Journal of the Interactions of People and Animals, 20, pp. 355-364.

Nolen, R. S. (2006) “Congress orders disaster planners to account for pets”, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 229, p. 1357.

White, S. (2012) “Companion animals, natural disasters and the law: An Australian perspective”, Animals, 2, pp. 380-394 [accessed on 3 June 2019].

Antagonism in nature

Abrams, P. A. & Matsuda, H. (1993) “Effects of adaptive predatory and anti-predator behaviour in a two-prey one-predator system”, Evolutionary Ecology, 7, pp. 312-326.

Beddington, J. R. & Hammond, P. S. (1977) “On the dynamics of host-parasite-hyperparasite interactions”, Journal of Animal Ecology, 46, pp. 811-821.

Biro, P. A.; Abrahams, M. V.; Post, J. R. & Parkinson, E. A. (2004) “Predators select against high growth rates and risk-taking behaviour in domestic trout populations”, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 271, pp. 2233-2237 [accessed on 3 March 2014].

Blamires, S. J.; Piorkowski, D.; Chuang, A.; Tseng, Y.-H.; Toft, S. & Tso, I.-M. (2015) “Can differential nutrient extraction explain property variations in a predatory trap?”, Royal Society Open Science, 2 [accessed on 22 March 2015].

Boesch, C. (1991) “The effect of leopard predation on grouping patterns by forest chimpanzees”, Behaviour, 117, pp. 220-142.

Bonta, M.; Gosford, R.; Eussen, D.; Ferguson, N.; Loveless, E. & Witwer, M. (2017) “Intentional fire-spreading by “firehawk” raptors in Northern Australia”, Journal of Ethnobiology, 37, pp. 700-718.

Bradford, C. M.; Denver, M. C., & Cranfield, M. R. (2008) “Development of a polymerase chain reaction test for Entamoeba invadens”, Journal Zoological Wildlife Medicine, 39, pp. 201-207.

Brooker, R. J.; Widmaier, E. P.; Graham, L. E. & Stiling, P. E. (2010) Biology, New York: McGraw-Hill, ch. 57.2.

Brooker, R. J.; Widmaier, E. P.; Graham, L. E. & Stiling, P. D. (2012 [2011]) Biology: For Bio 211 and 212, 2nd ed., New York: McGraw-Hill.

Brown, J. S.; Laundre, J. W. & Gurung, M. (1999) “The ecology of fear: Optimal foraging, game theory, and trophic interactions”, Journal of Mammalogy, 80, pp. 385-399.

Bunke, M.; Alexander, M. E.; Dick, J. T. A.; Hatcher, M. J.; Paterson, R. & Dunn, A. M. (2015) “Eaten alive: Cannibalism is enhanced by parasites”, Royal Society Open Science, 2 [accessed on 22 March 2015].

Chen, H.; Kuo, R. J.; Chang, T. C.; Hus, C. K.; Bray, R. A. & Cheng, I. J. (2012) “Fluke (Spirorchiidae) infections in sea turtles stranded on Taiwan: Prevalence and pathology”, Journal of Parasitology, 98, pp. 437-439.

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