Animals in the wild sometimes lose one or both parents. In such a situation, it’s often unlikely that they will survive. Most will starve to death. The small number of orphans who survive may undergo terrible hardships.
Due to evolutionary reasons, most young animals die shortly after coming into existence. It’s very difficult for very young animals to survive. Most of the newborn animals receive no parental care, which increases their risk of dying. But those who do receive parental care may be so dependent on it that losing it means almost certain death.
Moreover, many nonhuman animals have strong emotional bonds with their families, and they miss their parents and feel grief when they die. Social animals who are orphans can also suffer from loneliness because they are deprived of social interaction. Fortunately, humans can assist them, by rescuing them and providing them with the care they need, though this seldom happens. It is only common to rescue orphans who belong to species at risk of extinction, out of conservationist motivations. Of course this benefits the animals who are helped. However, helping orphaned animals should be done for the sake of the animals themselves irrespective of how many other individuals happen to belong to the same species. Some examples of orphanages and of ways to help orphaned animals can be seen here:
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