Ethics & animals

Animal interests bibliography

2 Aug 2018

Interest in not suffering Dawkins, M. S. (1980) Animal suffering: The science of animal welfare, London: Chapman and Hall. DeGrazia, D. & Rowan, A. (1991) […] Read more

Defenses of speciesism

29 Jun 2017

This text examines and questions the view s of those theorists have argued in defense of speciesism. Read more

Moral intuitions and biases

13 Mar 2017

The appeal to intuitions shouldn’t lead us to accept speciesism or other questionable moral views. Read more

Ethics and animals

12 Apr 2014

Speciesism Ethical theories and nonhuman animals Egalitarianism Prioritarianism Utilitarianism Suffering-focused ethics Negative consequentialism Rights theories Contractarianism Virtue ethics and care ethics Animal interests Interest in […] Read more

The argument from relevance

11 Apr 2014

Respecting someone means taking their wellbeing into account, and in order to be taken into account, sentience is what matters. Any other condition would be irrelevant to the question of whether one’s wellbeing should be considered. Other conditions may be relevant for something else (for instance, having certain intellectual capacities certainly appears to be relevant for being admitted to a university). But they are not relevant for being taken into account when what is at stake is wellbeing. Read more

Virtue ethics and care ethics

25 Mar 2014

Virtue and care ethics are two types of character ethics. Character ethics is a family of normative ethics. According to these theories, we should act […] Read more


25 Mar 2014

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that defends that we should act in ways that bring about as much happiness as possible in the world. Read more

Rights theories

25 Mar 2014

Moral rights are conceived of as rights that individuals are born with and have regardless of whether or not they have legal rights to protect them. Read more


25 Mar 2014

Egalitarianism is a position in ethics and in political theory that claims that we should try to reduce inequality. Egalitarians don’t think that only reducing […] Read more

Social contract views

25 Mar 2014

Contractarian principles are based on what we would accept in a scenario in which there aren’t yet any accepted moral or political principles. Read more

The argument from impartiality

25 Mar 2014
Dozens of chickens stacked on top of each other in small cages

The argument from impartiality claims that if we considered the treatment of animals impartially, we would not accept treating them worse than humans. Read more

The argument from species overlap

25 Mar 2014
Black horse walks in field with her child

Those who consider it legitimate to treat nonhuman animals unfavorably based on their capacities cannot defend equal treatment of all humans. Read more

Arguments against speciesism

25 Mar 2014

The question of whether or not we should favor the interests of humans over those of nonhuman animals is at the core of animal ethics. The view that we should favor human interests has been criticized as speciesist. Read more

Negative consequentialism

25 Mar 2014

According to negative consequentialism, the need to reduce suffering as much as possible must always take priority over anything else. Read more

Different ethical theories

19 Mar 2014

There are many different ethical theories. One feature the most widely accepted ones have in common is that they support the moral consideration of animals. Read more

Ethical theories and nonhuman animals

19 Mar 2014

We all act in certain ways. Our acts and the ultimate reasons behind them are what constitute our morals. We act according to goals we […] Read more

Begging the question

18 Mar 2014

Arguments that beg the question, also known as circular arguments, have trivial conclusions because the premises assume what they are claiming to prove. To put it another way:  we can’t be convinced of something by an appeal to a premise we can’t accept. Read more


7 Jan 2014
Sheep looks through the bars of cage

Speciesism is a form of discrimination – discrimination against those who don’t belong to a certain species. Speciesism is giving different sentient beings differing moral consideration for unjust reasons. Read more