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Animals used for food introduction

bullfighting

Bulls are domesticated animals that are systematically exploited and killed for the use of their muscle flesh, skin, and hide. They may also be used as labor to pull loads. However, most bulls are used in specific entertainment events, such as bullfights (where they are killed), festivals like the “encierros” (running of the bulls) or in rodeos. Bulls have a high... Read more
 

 

exploitation-of-bees

Huge numbers of bees suffer in a variety of ways from their exploitation by humans to make honey1 and other products. Many people may think that bees don’t suffer. However, all the evidence available indicates that they, as many other invertebrates who have a centralized nervous systems, do have the capacity to feel suffering and pleasure.2 Despite this, as happens with other... Read more
 

animals-used-clothing

One of the purposes for which nonhuman animals are routinely made to suffer and killed is the production of materials for clothing. Consequently, the use of animal clothing means harm to many animals who are individuals with the capacity to suffer and feel pleasure. In most cases these animals are not only exploited for clothing, but for other reasons as well including, mainly,... Read more
 

Crowd watches men fight a bull at a rodeo

Nonhuman animals are exploited and killed for entertainment in a number of ways. The most significant way is in the form of hunting and, especially, sport fishing. In addition, all around the world there are shows put on in which nonhuman animals are forced to take part. In many of these shows the animals are harmed or even killed (like in bullfights). In others they are not... Read more
 

White mouse being injected in a laboratory

Nonhuman animals are used in laboratories for a number of purposes. Examples of animal experimentation include product testing, use of animals as research models and as educational tools. Within each of these categories, there are also many different purposes for which they are used. For instance, some are used as tools for military or biomedical research; some to test cosmetics... Read more
 

bird-caged-for-leisure

Many animals are bred and bought because people like to spend part of their free time with them. These are sold as “companion animals.” Of course, this is very different from adopting abandoned animals where the reason for the rescue is the well-being of the animals themselves. People who live with adopted animals are people who have rescued them from a dreadful death or a... Read more
 

animals-workers-military-tools

In many places around the world nonhuman animals are used as workers. These animals often lead lives full of suffering and hardship, and they are killed when they are no longer useful. They are being used as resources. They are investments from which profit or value is expected to be obtained. The animals are often not taken care of any more than is necessary in order to exploit... Read more
 

fishes-kept-for-leisure

Fishes Many kinds of animals, including fishes, are harmed significantly as a consequence of being kept by humans as display items, for companionship, or to satisfy desires to create collections. Fishes suffer harms when they are kept in tanks, and fishes who are not born into captivity suffer additional harm from capture and relocation to the tank environment. These harms occur... Read more
 

cows-leather

Among the animals who suffer and are killed by humans to be used for clothing, the majority are killed for leather production. This includes cows, bulls, pigs, lambs, and sheeps. They are sent to the slaughterhouse to obtain meat and leather to meet public demand. Each year more than 300 million tanned cow skins and more than 500 million tanned sheep and lamb skins are produced.... Read more
 

animals-used-entertainment

Animals all around the world suffer terribly in circuses and other shows using animals. They are forced to live in situations that are often similar to those in factory farms, and are continuously subjected to pain, terrible fear, and distress so they will perform in circus acts. A comprehensive scientific study published several years ago concluded that circuses cause significant... Read more
 

exploitation-cows-steers-calves

Cows and their sons, calves and steers, are exploited for several purposes. Cows are kept to produce milk, for which they are kept in a continuous reproductive cycle: they give birth to calves from which they are separated shortly after, and are then milked until they are again made pregnant. Calves are often killed when they are just babies to be eaten as tender meat, or raised... Read more
 

exploitation-of-bees

Huge numbers of bees suffer in a variety of ways from their exploitation by humans to make honey1 and other products. Many people may think that bees don’t suffer. However, all the evidence available indicates that they, as many other invertebrates who have a centralized nervous systems, do have the capacity to feel suffering and pleasure.2 Despite this, as happens with other... Read more
 

 

fishing

Although the use of animals for food products affects many different species including birds and other animals, the largest number of victims are aquatic animals. The total number of fishes and other aquatic animals caught every year is very difficult to calculate. Measurements are usually made in tons, which makes it impossible to determine the exact number of individual animals... Read more
 

Dozens of fishes held in a small pool on a fish farm

Fish farming is the practice of raising and killing fishes and other animals (such as crustacea and amphibians), mainly for food. Fish farming has been growing significantly for many decades. Between 1970 and 2006 the industry grew at a rate of 6.9% per annum,1 and in recent years close to half of the marine animal products eaten by humans has been farmed fish.2 These fishes are... Read more
 

chickens-animal-ethics

About 50 billion chickens and hens are killed each year across the world. Their massive exploitation has resulted in their becoming the most numerous bird species in the world. If we only counted the farm animals raised on land, and not fishes and other aquatic animals raised on farms, chickens and hens would constitute the greatest number of animals killed for consumption. The... Read more
 

pigs-in-farms

Today most pigs are raised in factory farms, which are sometimes called “hog lots”. In the USA and Europe this method of rearing pigs has prevailed for decades. But recently pig farming has also grown significantly in China, where it is estimated that approximately half of the pigs that are killed in the world are slaughtered.1 To produce the quantities of pig meat needed to... Read more
 

exploitation-cows-steers-calves

Cows and their sons, calves and steers, are exploited for several purposes. Cows are kept to produce milk, for which they are kept in a continuous reproductive cycle: they give birth to calves from which they are separated shortly after, and are then milked until they are again made pregnant. Calves are often killed when they are just babies to be eaten as tender meat, or raised... Read more
 

sheeps

Sheeps and goats and their children, lambs and kids, are exploited for several different purposes. They are killed so they can be eaten (particularly lambs), kept for their wool and milk, and their skin is also used to produce leather. Because a profit can be made from selling them, the consumption of these products results in more and more sheeps and goats being bred, made to... Read more
 

Man leans over the backside of a calf with a branding tool, making a T shaped brand on the calf's back.

Since their domestication millennia ago, nonhuman animals have been considered property. As such, they are often identified using various methods, including branding, that indicates their belonging to a certain ranch. Branding is used as a property stamp identifying the stockbreeder as the owner of the animal. By branding the animals, ranch owners are expressing the animals’... Read more
 

Close-up of pig looking through window like opening of truck with mud or fecal matter on her snout and face.

An animal’s journey to the slaughterhouse is a very stressful process and can lead to her death during transit. While one could argue that death is inevitable because animals will die in the slaughterhouse anyway, the fact that they are so vulnerable to perishing en route gives us an idea of how terrible the conditions of the trip are and what they go through on the trip. Some... Read more
 

killed

Making animal products means killing nonhuman animals. This is pretty obvious in the case of meat, leather, fur, and other products that are made from the flesh of animals. But animals are also killed when they are exploited for other purposes such as the production of dairy products and eggs. Younger cows and chickens produce more milk and eggs, and dairy cows and egg-laying hens... Read more
 

diseases-land-farms

The situation of nonhuman animals living on land farms makes them very susceptible to a number of diseases. In addition, the crowded conditions facilitate the spread of these diseases to the point they can become massive epidemics. Furthermore, animals commonly suffer from a wide range of debilitating conditions, as the section on diseases in the wild explains. In the wild, this... Read more
 

Closeup of a small fish's head held between human fingers, showing a diseased mouth.

Even among those concerned with the defense of animals, it is not uncommon to be unaware of the plight of animals in fish farms, despite the significant harms animals may suffer in these places. A significant cause of the harms that can occur are the many diseases they can suffer, some of which are agonizing and lethal. Moreover, these diseases are often passed on to other animals... Read more
 

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